Monday & Tuesday, Jan 14&15

(Ms. H out sick)
  • What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
  • What quotes from Brutus 1 and Federalists Papers #10, 51, 70, 78 back up the main ideas?
  • What are the 5 major points of the Declaration of Independence?
  • What kind of influence did the 3/5 Compromise, Shay’s Rebellion, and the Great “Connecticut” Compromise have on the Constitution?
  • What is the importance of the 10th & 14th Amendments, and the “necessary & proper” clause?
  1. Group Google slide review activity.

work on your vocabulary and video assignments

Specific incidents and legal challenges that highlighted key weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation are represented by the:

  • Lack of centralized military power to address Shays’ Rebellion
  • Lack of tax-law enforcement power
Explain the relationship between key provisions of the Articles of Confederation and the debate over granting the federal government greater power formerly reserved to the states.
Anti-Federalist writings, including Brutus No. 1, adhered to popular democratic theory that emphasized the benefits of a small decentralized republic while warning of the dangers to personal liberty from a large, centralized government.
Madison’s arguments in Federalist No. 10 focused on the superiority of a large republic in controlling the “mischiefs of faction,” delegating authority to elected representatives and dispersing power between the states and national government.
Explain how Federalist and Anti- Federalist views on central government and democracy are reflected in U.S. foundational documents.
The Constitution emerged from the debate about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation as a blueprint for limited government.
Different aspects of the U.S. Constitution, as well as the debate between the Federalist No. 10 and Brutus No. 1, reflect the tension between the broad participatory model and the more filtered participation of the pluralist and elite models.
Compromises deemed necessary for adoption and ratification of the Constitution are represented by the:

  • Great (Connecticut) Compromise
  • Electoral College
  • Three-Fifths Compromise
  • Compromise on the importation of slaves
Debates about self-government during the drafting of the Constitution necessitated the drafting of an amendment process in Article V that entailed either a two-thirds vote in both houses or a proposal from two-thirds of the state legislatures, with final ratification determined by three-fourths of the states.
The compromises necessary to secure ratification of the Constitution left some matters unresolved that continue to generate discussion and debate today.
Federalist No. 51 explains how constitutional provisions of separation of powers and checks and balances control abuses by majorities.
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