- Who is in charge and what are they in charge of?
- How does Federalism divide power?
- Power Elite reading quiz
- NOTES-Power and Federalism
- Read and be ready for a quiz over Pluralism and the B-1 Bomber readings next class
Representative democracies can take several forms along this scale:
- Participatory democracy, which emphasizes broad participation in politics and civil society
- Pluralist democracy, which recognizes group-based activism by nongovernmental interests striving for impact on political decision making
- Elite democracy, which emphasizes limited participation in politics and civil society
The balance of power between the national and state governments has changed over time based on U.S. Supreme Court interpretation of such cases as:
- McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), which declared that Congress has implied powers necessary to implement its enumerated powers and established supremacy of the U.S. Constitution and federal laws over state laws
- United States v. Lopez (1995), which ruled that Congress may not use the commerce clause to make possession of a gun in a school zone a federal crime, introducing a new phase of federalism that recognized the importance of state sovereignty and local control
A balance between governmental power and individual rights has been a hallmark of American political development.